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Promote Good practices in publication and authorship by its inclusion in course curriculum – smaitiblog

Promote Good practices in publication and authorship by its inclusion in course curriculum

“Plagiarism”, “undue authorship in publications”, “data manipulations” etc are capturing more and more space in science in the recent yeas. Like a corruption it has also established its deep root in the science society worldwide. As a result, very basic essence of truth seeking through science is becoming a matter of the past. More and more people are falling prey of this disease. Recently, an eye opening paper has been published in Nature (2018) entitled “Thousands of scientists publish a paper every five days”.  (https://www.nature.com/articles/d41586-018-06185-8).  All though we often talk about “Good Practices” to be followed in our life but ironically very basic of good practices are slipping down in our all activities. And it is also fast vanishing form our science and publications.

To establish a good practices in publications, perhaps the most widely established requirements for authorship are the “Vancouver criteria”  established by the International Committee of Medical Journal Editors in 1988. These specify that authors must do all of four things to qualify: (1) play a part in designing or conducting experiments or processing results; (2) help to write or revise the manuscript; (3) approve the published version; and (4) take responsibility for the article’s contents.

When I discussed about this with the young researchers, I am utterly shocked to know that this was not known to them because either there is no such curriculum in their formal learning process or there was any example set by their peers.

I, therefore, urge before the UGC and also all higher learning institutions to introduce a course curriculum for what is good practices in science starting from Good practices for learning; Good practices for experimental design; Good practices for laboratory maintenance; Good practices for data analysis; Good practices for publication and authorship, etc. Education system must give importance to these learnings to avoid manipulations in science.

I also urge to various scientific societies to take this matter seriously and promote and educate their members about what is right in science.


Expression of Interest for indiaRxiv Steering Committee

The Open Access India is constituting an advisory and a steering committee to establish and manage preprints repository for India, indiaRxiv with the support of Centre for Open Science. Earlier, the community had launched preprints repository for agriculture and allied sciences, AgriXiv.

Anyone who would like to get involved in establishing the regional preprints server for India may share their details in this form by close date, 28th July 2018 31st January 2019.

Why Preprints? Preprints will have the priority of publication with date stamp and will help the scholars/researchers to publicize their scholarly research outputs and get feedback on the work before it gets formally published in peer reviewed journals. They can also showcase their work in the applications for seeking grants in support of their work.

With the support of the Centre for Open Science, Arabic preprints, ArabiXiv; French preprints, FrenXiv, Indonesian preprints, INArxiv, were launched and SciELO Preprints for Latin America, Iberian Peninsula, South Africa is on the way.

Recently, the INSA’s policy Statement on dissemination and evaluation of research output in India had made emphasis on preprints and also had suggested for the establishment of a national preprints repository in India. The Delhi Declaration on Open Access mentions about commitment for Preprints.

For more details on indiaRxiv, you may contact sridhar@openaccessindia.org

Delhi Declaration on Open Access – Signatories

Released on 14th February, 2018

Delhi Declaration on Open Access

This declaration was drafted by a group comprising of researchers and professionals working for opening up access to research outputs for public good in India. The declaration is aimed at scientific communities, scholarly societies, publishers, funders, universities and research institutions to promote openness in science and research communications.


The South Asian region, home to 24% of the world’s population faces major challenges such as hunger, poverty and inequality. These challenges become the collective responsibility of scholars and experts in research universities across the country. Consequently, it becomes imperative that  research institutes share scientific research outputs and accelerate  scientific research. The Open Access movement which aims for making all  ‘publicly funded research outcomes publicly available for the public good’ is gaining momentum.

Open means anyone can freely access, use, modify, and share for any purpose (subject, at most, to requirements that preserve provenance and openness)” –Open Definition.

As per the Budapest Open Access Initiative (BOAI), ‘Open Access’ (to scholarly literature) is “free availability on the public internet, permitting any users to read, download, copy, distribute, print, search, or link to the full texts of these articles, crawl them for indexing, pass them as data to software, or use them for any other lawful purpose, without financial, legal, or technical barriers other than those inseparable from gaining access to the internet itself”.

Since the launch of the BOAI on 14th Feb. 2002, efforts are being made by various scholarly societies, academic communities and governments to make scholarly content Open. However, due to various reasons, the full potential of Open Access is not realised by the producers (scholars), publishers and readers (scholars and society at large) of this knowledge and the world is still disconnected in terms of sharing the scholarly content openly.

As per the Scimago Journal & Country Rank (SJR), India ranks 9th in the year 2016 producing about 13 lakhs articles. However, 82% of them are not Open Access and the Institutional Repositories in India are sparsely populated in spite of having Open Access mandates in place. The Directory of Open Access Journals (DOAJ) lists only 200 out of the 20,000+ journals being published from India.

The historical BOAI is now 16 years old, but still there is a need for all of us to be educated and empowered to realize the power of Open Access to scholarly content and harness it for public good in India. With burgeoning commercial scholarly publications and increasing diversity in terms of availability of & accessibility to the information, we need to create a necessary framework for making Open Access the default by 2025 in India.

To ensure the wide availability and encourage the use of of research data and information for the purpose of addressing multifaceted  challenges, Open Access to publicly funded research and scholarly outputs are to be made available under Open Licenses (e.g. Creative Commons) while duly acknowledging  the intellectual property (work/rights of the creators/producers/authors).


We, the contributors and signatories of this declaration, members of the Open Access India,  Open Access communities of practice in India and the attendees of the OpenCon 2018 New Delhi held on 3rd Feb., 2018 at Acharya Narendra Dev College, Kalkaji, New Delhi (University of Delhi) agree to issue this declaration:

  1. We advocate for the practice of Open Science (sharing  research methods and results openly which will avoid “reinventing the wheel”) and adoption of open technologies for the development of models for sharing science and scholarship (Open Scholarship) to accelerate the progress of research and to address the real societal challenges
  2. We will strive to publish our interim research outputs as preprints or postprints (e.g. Institutional Repositories) and encourage our peers and supervisors to do the same to make our research open and actionable in a timely manner.
  3. We will practice and encourage researchers and scientists to implement openness in peer-reviewing and other editorial services, influence the scholarly societies to flip their journals into Open Access and will contribute for the development of whitelist of Open Access journals in India adhering to the “Principles of Transparency and Best Practice in Scholarly Publishing”.
  4. We will garner support of the relevant stakeholders (scholars, journal editorial teams, university libraries, research funders, authorities’ in-charge of dissemination of scholarship in higher education) for spearheading the Open Access movement.
  5. We will take forward the concept of Open Access to further bring all the publicly funded research outputs (not limited to journal literature alone) to be freely available under open licenses to the public to use, reuse and share in any media in open formats.
  6. We will impress upon policy makers to adopt an open evaluation system for research and an institutional reward system for practicing openness in science ,scientific communications and academic research across disciplines including Humanities and Social Sciences
  7. We will support and work for an alternate reward system in recognition and promotion not in terms of the ‘Impact Factor’ of the journals, but the ‘Impact’ of the articles/scholarship in science and the society and impress upon all the scientists/scholars, research funders, research institutes, universities, academies and scholarly societies to sign the San Francisco Declaration on Research Assessment (DORA).
  8. We strongly agree with the Joint COAR-UNESCO Statement on Open Access ,  Jussieu Call and Dakar Declaration. And will also follow the international initiative Open Access 2020, to develop roadmaps to support sustainable Open Access scholarly communication models which are free of charge for the authors and free of charge availability to the readers.
  9. While learning from South South cooperation on Open Access,  will work for developing a framework for Open Access in India and South Asia: National Policies for Open Access and country-specific action plans will be formulated aimed at making Open Access as the default in India and South Asia, by 2025.
  10. For creating more awareness on Open Access, infrastructure, capacity building, funding and policy mechanisms, as well as incentivizing for the Open Access, we come forward to share success stories, studies and discussions during the Open Access Week.

Adopted on 14th February 2018

Signatories (along with their affiliation):

Anasua Mukherjee, BRICSLICS
Anubha Sinha, CIS India
Anup Kumar Das, Open Access India; CSSP, JNU
Arul George Scaria, NLU Delhi
Barnali Roy Choudhury, Open Access India
Bhakti R Gole, Open Access India
Girija Goyal, ReFigure.org
Javed Azmi, Jamia Hamdard
Kavya Manohar, Open Access India
Neha Sharma
Nirmala Menon, IIT Indore
Sailesh Patnaik, Access to Knowledge, CIS
Savithri Singh, Creative Commons India
Sridhar Gutam, Open Access India
Subhashish Panigrahi, Internet Society, O Foundation
Vijay Bhasker Lode, Open Access India
Virendra Kamalvanshi, Banaras Hindu University
Tanveer Hasan A K, Access to Knowledge,  Bangalore
Waseem A Malla


  • Achala Munigal
  • Ahsan Ullah, Bangladesh
  • Akash Singh, National Law University Delhi
  • Ameen Ansari, MANUU
  • Anila Sulochana, Central University of Tamil Nadu
  • Anoh Kouao Antoine, Ecole Supérieure Africaine des TIC, Côte d’Ivoire (Ivory Coast)
  • Antonio Solís Lima,México
  • Anup Singh, Kendriya Vidyalaya Sangthan, Behin
  • Aparna K Balan
  • Atarino Helieisar, FSM Supreme Court Law Library, Federated States of Micronesia
  • Bidyarthi Dutta, Vidyasagar University
  • Binoy Mathew, INELI
  • Boye Komla Dogbe, Ministère De La Communication, De La Culture, Togo
  • Cable Green, Creative Commons, United States
  • Cajetan Onyeneke, Imo State University, Nigeria
  • Chantal Moukoko Kamole, Universitty of Douala, Cameroun
  • Chinna Durai
  • Chitralekha, University of Delhi
  • Chris Zielinski, University of Winchester, United Kingdom
  • D Puthira Prathap, Extension Education Society
  • Dahmane Madjid, CERIST, Algeria
  • Daniel Bossikponnon, Ministère du plan et du Développement, Bénin
  • Dare Adeleke, the Federal Polytechnic, Ado-Ekiti, Nigeria
  • Derechos de las Personas con Discapacidad, Argentina
  • Dilip Man Sthapit, TU Central Library/LIMISEC, Nepal
  • Dinesh K.Gupta, Kurukshetra University
  • Dominique Babini, CLACSO-Latin American Council of Social Sciences, Buenos Aires, Argentina
  • Ekta Saxena, Prabodhanam Foundation
  • Emmy Medard Muhumuza, Busitema University Library, Uganda
  • Fabian Yelsang, Institute for Interdisciplinary Research and Consultancy Services, Ghana
  • Fayaz Loan, University of Kashmir
  • Giriraj Halkar, National Institute of Health & Family Welfare, New Delhi
  • GJP Dixit, Central Library, Central University of Karnataka
  • Gorla Praveen, JNTUH-College of Engineering, Hyderabad
  • Gurpreet Singh Sohal, GGDSD College
  • H Fakrudhin Ali Ahamed, Chittoor, India
  • Hamady Issaga Sy, Sénégal
  • Harinder Pal Singh Kalra, Punjabi University
  • Hemant Kumar, Documentation Research and Training Centre (DRTC)
  • Hue Bui, Thainguyen University of Sciences, Vietnam
  • Irazema E. Ramírez Hernández, Benemérita Escuela Normal Veracruzana “Enrique C.
  • Jacinto Dávila, Universidad de Los Andes, Venezuela
  • Jaishankar K, International Journal of Cyber Criminology
  • Jancy Gupta, National Dairy Research Institute
  • JK Vijayakumar
  • Jonathan Tennant, Open Science MOOC, Germany
  • Julián Vaquerizo-Madrid, Unidad de Neurología Clínica Evolutiva, Spain
  • Kamal Hossain, University of Liberal Arts Bangladesh (ULAB), Bangladesh
  • Kasongo Ilunga Felix, Democratic Republic of Congo
  • Kavita Chaddha, IIM Lucknow, Noida
  • Kishor Satpathy, Indian Statistical Institute Kolkata, Kolkata
  • Kojo Ahiakpa, Research Desk Consulting Ltd., Ghana
  • Krishna Chaitanya, Velaga, the Wikipedia Library
  • Kumaresan Chidambaranathan, New Zealand
  • Kunwar Singh, Banaras Hindu University
  • Leena Shah, DOAJ
  • Lilin Rosyanti, Poltekkes Kemenkes Kendari, Kendari, Indonesia
  • Luis Saravia, PERU
  • Humayun Kabir Tutul, National Health Library & Documentation Centre, Bangladesh
  • Madurai Rangaswamy YB, Tumkur University, Tumakuru
  • Mahendra Sahu, Gandhi Institution of Engineering & Technology,Gunupur
  • Maidhili S., Meenakshi College for Women
  • Manika Lamba, University of Delhi
  • Mariela Salgado A, Chia, Cundinamarca, Colombia
  • Maryann Osuji, Federal University of Technology, Nigeria
  • Mayank Trivedi, The Maharaja Sayajirao University of Baroda, Vadodara, India
  • Nasir Uddin, BRAC University, Bangladesh
  • Nazim Uddin, International Centre for Diarrhoeal Disease Research, Bangladesh
  • Nurul Islam, International Islamic University Chittagong, Bangladesh
  • Shahajada Masud Anowarul Haque, BRAC University, Bangladesh
  • Mina Ketan Parida CETMS, SOA Deemed to be University, Bhubaneswar
  • Mir Sakhawat Hossain, Kabi Nazrul Government College, Bangladesh
  • Mohammed Abdul Hannan Hazari, QAMER, Hyderabad
  • Mourya Biswas, Prateek Media
  • Munusamy Natarajan, CSIR-NISCAIR
  • Murtoza Kh Ali, Bangladesh
  • Nagarjuna G, Homi Bhabha Centre for Science Education, TIFR
  • Nasar Ahmed Shah, Aligarh Muslim University
  • Nibedita Borgohain, Jorhat
  • Nimesh Oza, Sardar Patel University
  • Niraj Chaudhary, United States
  • Nur Ahammad, Independent University, Bangladesh
  • Omar Escalona Vivas, Instituto de Estudios Superiores de Investigación y Postgrado, San Cristóbal estado Táchira, Venezuela
  • Pablo Gentili, CLACSO-Latin American Council of Social Sciences, Buenos Aires, Argentina
  • Parthasarathi Mukhopadhyay, Kalyani University
  • Poonam Bharti
  • Prerna Singh, Central University of Jammu
  • Rabia Bashir, Law and Parliamentary Affairs, Pakistan
  • Rafiq Islam, Bangladesh Agricultural Research Institute, Bangladesh
  • Rajendran Murugan, Department of Education, University of Delhi
  • Rajkumari Sofia Devi, Manipur University, Imphal, India
  • Rama Kant Shukla, Delhi Technological University
  • Ramadas G, Noorul Islam Center for Higher Education
  • Raman Nair R, Centre for Informatics Research and Development
  • Ramanuj Konar, Sarat Centenary College
  • Rangaswam, Tumakuru, India
  • Rebat Kumar Dhakal, KUSOED Integrity Alliance, Nepal
  • Rébsamen”, Xalapa, México
  • Revocatus Kuluchumila, AMUCTA, Tanzania
  • Sabuj Kumar Chaudhuri, University of Calcutta
  • Sandipan Banerjee
  • Sanket Oswal, Wikimedia India
  • Sargu Sudarshan Rao, Osmania University, Hyderabad
  • Satwinder Bangar
  • Saurabh Rathore, International Consortium of Academic Professionals for Scientific Research (ICAPSR)
  • Shahana Jahan, Bangladesh
  • Shaifali Arora, PhD Student, Indore, India
  • Shalender Singh Chauhan, Deshbandhu College, University of Delhi, New Delhi
  • Shamnad Basheer, SpicyIP
  • Shivamma C N, SDM, Institute of Ayurveda & Hospital
  • Shivendra Singh
  • Shreyashi Ray, NLU, Delhi
  • Sivakrishna Sivakoti
  • Soumen Kayal, Maharaja Manindra chandra College
  • Sreepati Das, Chittagong, Bangladesh
  • Srikanth Reddy, CBIT
  • Srinivasarao Muppidi, Sanketika Vidya Parishad Engineering College
  • Stephanie Gross, MSLIS from Pratt Institute, USA
  • Subash Pillai, ICAR-Indian Institute of Farming Systems Research
  • Sujata Tetali, MACS-Agharkar Research Institute
  • Sulyman Sodeeq Abdulakeem, Federal Polytechnic Offa, Nigeria
  • Surjodeb Lulu Hono Basu
  • Sushil Kumar, Chitkara University, Chandigarh
  • Susmita Chakraborty, University of Calcutta
  • Susmita Das, Bangladesh Agricultural Research Council, Bangladesh
  • Thilagavathi, Thillai Natarajan, Avinashilingam Institute for Home Science and Higher Education for Women
  • Ujjal Marjit
  • Umesh Kumar
  • Umme Habiba, Noakhali Science and Technology University, Bangladesh
  • Víctor Manuel Gutiérrez Torres, Voces de la educación, Xalapa, México
  • Vinita, Jain, M D College of Arts, Science and Commerce
  • Virginia Inés Simón, Red Iberoamericana de Expertos sobre la Convención de los
  • Vrushali Dandawate, AISSMS College of Engineering/DOAJ
  • Waqar Khan, Dhaka Shishu Hospital, Bangladesh
  • Wilbert Zvakafa, Chinhoyi University of Technology, Zimbabwe
  • Yash Paul Sharma, Central Institute of Educational Technology, NCERT
  • Yasser Ahmed, South Valley University, Egypt
  • Yohann Thomas, Wikimedia India
  • Zakir Hossain, International Association of School Librarianship, International Schools Region, Switzerland

The Knowledge Societies Division, UNESCO supports this Declaration.

To sign the declaration, please fill in the form: bit.ly/ddoa2018 and your name will be added to the declaration.

Sridhar Gutam, Convenor, Open Access India
Email: sridhar@openaccessindia.org or gutam2000@gmail.com
Phone: +91-9005760036/+91-8002678768

Cite this article as: Sridhar Gutam, "Delhi Declaration on Open Access – Signatories," in Open Access India, February 14, 2018, https://openaccessindia.org/delhi-declaration-on-open-access-signatories/, accessed on October 6, 2022.
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