The “Balancing Act” of Copyright & Open Access

To understand the interplay between Copyright law and Open Access, it is essential to consider the justifications for Copyright law. Copyright law emerged out of the belief that there is a need to protect the Science and the Arts in order to encourage their progress. In fact, many countries mention this need for copyright in their constitution (such as the US constitution). The idea is that creators need to capitalize off their work, which would motivate them to keep producing work. They would have a ‘copyright’, which is several exclusive rights for the use and distribution of their work. But since art, science and literature enrich society, and therefore should be open to all eventually, copyrights are not permanent. Therefore, copyright law has described to be a balancing act between the rights of the creator and of the public. Issues debated upon within the context of Copyright law, such as the length of a Copyright, are essentially related to how open or closed the work should be.

However, copyright law is ‘one-size-fits-all’, which is supposed to cover everything from the latest blockbuster movie, to a cutting-edge paper on Genetic Engineering. And there lies the problem.

While making money from their creations is great for musicians, artists and writers, it’s altogether different for researchers. Musicians, artists and writers usually depend upon earning from their work for sustenance, but researchers are already funded by their government or institutions. The global GERD/GDP ratio (Gross Domestic Expenditure on R&D as a percentage of GDP) is 1.70% in 2013.  This means that USD 1.5 trillion are being spent worldwide on research- money that could be used to support a number of other services such as healthcare, education or pension. This massive funding means that researchers are often well-compensated for their work.

In any case, researchers make no money from sending their articles to journals. In fact, journals don’t pay their authors, peer reviewers or editors either. Then why do authors sell their work to journals? As Peter Suber puts it, “Scholars write journal articles for impact, not for money”. Scholars choose to publish their articles in high-profile journals because they want the most people to read it, and to benefit from it. This model used to work. But today, journals have become so expensive, that not even the most well-funded institutions can afford them. From 1986 to 2006, the average journal cost increased by 180% while the consumer price index rose by 84%. This means that the prices of journals have been growing at more than twice the rate of inflation. This is termed as the “serials crisis” as libraries were unable to manage their volume of subscriptions with the increasing costs of journals. Because of these prices, University libraries are buying half of the academic books that they did in the 1980s, which ultimately limits the number of  people that can access these journals. Very often, authors cannot even share their own work after publishing it in a journal.

Why does copyright law allow this situation to arise? It is because the copyright is transferred to publishers when articles are published. For an author of a novel, since they would negotiate a contract with royalty, this transfer enables them to make money, even though the copyright is transferred. Since researchers do not wish to earn from their articles, they usually transfer it to journals for free, along with the copyright. Being for-profit companies, who have a monopoly over articles since they have the copyright, publishers can be selective about what they publish, charge prohibitively high fees for access, and make the profit that was intended to benefit the author. However, this is changing through the Open Access movement.

Authors were compelled to publish with conventional publishers before the information technology age, but digitization of research has made it almost cost-free to transfer research. It is probably best explained by the Budapest Open Access Initiative “An old tradition and a new technology have converged to make possible an unprecedented public good. The old tradition is the willingness of scientists and scholars to publish the fruits of their research in scholarly journals without payment. . . . The new technology is the internet”. This is what has fueled the growth of Open Access, a better way for researchers to share their work. With Open Access, the original aim of research to reach the widest possible audience is being met.

The Open Access movement does not thwart copyrights, but allows a person to choose the kind of copyright they want, from a variety of types, and therefore have the freedom to share to differing extents. The growth of this movement has allowed the scientific community to share their work in the manner that they wish to rather than be obliged to transfer a standard-length and standard-protection copyright. So even if copyright law is not the best fit for researchers, it’s being adapted in creative ways all over the world, to make it compatible with the aims of scientific research.

References:

  • “The “Wild West” of Academic Publishing” By Craig Lambert

Harvard Magazine, JANUARY-FEBRUARY 2015. Available online at this link.

  • “Open Access” By Peter Suber

MIT Press 2012. Available online at this link.

This blog was originally posted on the WSIS KC Community Website.

India’s New IPR Policy

The Indian government published the National Intellectual Rights Policy in May 2016. The policy has been formulated keeping in mind that there is a lack of awareness with regard to the obtaining of Intellectual Property Rights in India. The aim of India’s IPR policy is to promote the “knowledge economy”, which the policy defines as “an economy that creates, disseminates and uses knowledge to enhance its growth and development.” This is a goal complementary to Open Access, which aims to effectuate openness in obtaining, publishing and processing research, in order to create a knowledge based society. IPR could be perceived as a restriction on open access because it allows those who invent and innovate to have exclusive rights to the usage of that invention. However, IPR is necessary to encourage creativity and innovation, by allowing inventors to earn from their inventions, but the existing legal regime could be tweaked in order to support Open Access. More information about IPR and the alternatives to the existing IPR regime is here. India’s policy is framed in order to increase the prevalence of IPR. There is even a provision for the creation of special courts for IPR enforcement, which would encourage the usage of IPR.

However, some aspects of the policy could be improved upon to have better social impact. For example, one of the objectives of India’s IPR policy is to “Get value for IPRs through commercialization”. This objective states that value and economic reward for IP holders is obtained is through commercialization of IPR. While commercialized rights do protect investors, it is important to recognize that commercialization sometimes means lack of access to information. For example, say an IP holder sells her rights to a large corporation, then this means that they would not be in charge of their own rights. Therefore, a researcher may not have the legal right to share his work even though he may wish to see his research be utilized by others worldwide. The IPR policy does not prevent this utilization, of course, but a blanket promotion of commercialization may inadvertently discourage open access. To illustrate, to encourage commercialization would effectively discourage the usage of APF or repository system of sharing research. The policy also aims to commercialize even publically funded research, infact suggest that R&D institutions should reward researchers on the basis of IPR creation. This may not meet the policy’s aims, as IPR driven research is not always socially beneficial research. Moreover, publicly-funded research is slowly moving into the field of Open Access all around the world. For example, the EU recently announced that all publically funded research should be OA by 2020. Infact, the principles of this policy might not be directly aligned with the goals of the Indian government as well. Prime Minister Modi has expressed the ideas India ruling the 21st century, calling it the ‘era of knowledge’. Various institutions in India, such as the Department of Science and Technology have applied an open access policy across their departments. In 2012, India released the “National Data Sharing and Accessibility Policy”, which tries to improve data management through open access. Such positive steps are benefitting Indian scientists and researchers.

The strengthening of the IPR system in India could be improved by taking into consideration the larger societal requirement of sharing of research. An IPR system is beneficial for the holistic development of knowledge, but it is not enough. Research and innovation is complementary and complex, and greater protection for the innovator is not always the best approach. This is the most apparent in the sciences, since research is often expensive and time consuming. In developing countries, sparse resources would be wasted in situations where two laboratories may produce duplicative research. A system which would implement IPR without compromising Open Access would serve the interests of the nation better, and truly make India a knowledge producer.

This blog was originally posted on the WSIS KC Blog. 

Be kind…share!

Thanks to the Open Access Policy that the India’s department of science and technology (DST) and the department of biotechnology (DBT) introduced last December, open access is at the forefront of research interest and its importance is certainly highly understood to allow  researchers to publish in “high quality, peer-reviewed” journals and at the same time giving free access to information and data to the public.

Certainly a key role to this shift has been that of Open Access India, a community of practice that advocates for and assist with all aspects related to publishing using Open Access mechanisms.

It might seem surprising that this news are welcome with such enthusiasm as it would probably appear obvious to most people that research results should be available to everyone without any legal or technical restrictions especially when that same public has contributed with its taxes to the research behind the resulting knowledge.

Sadly though in many research environments this is not the case- yet! Often knowledge and information is in practice not shared but in fact locked away leaving out a huge percentage of readers who could otherwise benefit from it. The scientific community has been resisting to embrace Open Access mainly because of costs, reputation, and fears of plagiarism.

Cost: it is true that publishing on Open Access Journals involves a cost: however, given that governments and donors push for such approach, it should be the same donors who fund the open access publication; all proposals therefore ought to include that cost and fracture it in.

Reputation: it is no longer valid the argument that Open Access Journals are not good. Many well-kown journals like Elsevier now offer several Open Access options and it is easy to distinguish the predatory journals from the genuine ones that have as real object that of disseminating knowledge.

Plagiarism: by making research results and knowledge accessible and available and thus under everyone’s eye, attempts to copy and misappropriate somebody’s else work will become even more obvious and visible rather than the other way round.

All in all it seems therefore that these fears are not grounded while the benefits are enormous. I copy here a wonderful graphic representation done by the Danny Kingsley & Sarah Brown which nails the issue down perfectly. cc-by_logoSurprisingly the CGIAR has only recently started seriously this approach. With the aim of improving the efficiency, efficacy, and impact of its research, on 2 October 2013 the Open Access and Data Management Policy was approved by the CGIAR Consortium Board to make unrestricted and free online access to and re-use, by any user worldwide, of all information products generated within the CGIAR research.

Open Access is not a fashion or trend; it is a strategy to ensure that research results can become truly international public goods while assisting scientists in building their publication reputation.

So if you love knowledge, be kind, share it! Love OA

Sharing Your Work in Open Access

The scholarly research when read and commented by peers would enable creation of new knowledge. This knowledge when collaboratively sourced, reviewed and applied would develop new technologies for the public good. In this process, the scholars or researchers would get recognition, appreciation and citation by peers and promotions at work place. However, in the life cycle of knowledge creation and development of public good technologies, there is a considerable time lag and has issues about accessibility. Though the scholarly research is available, it is not accessible to everyone. Nevertheless, with the advent of new web 2.0 technologies, and licensing terms, all the researchers can now be able to sharing their scholarly research among peers globally in real-time and pave way for building upon their work for knowledge creation and technology development. Traditionally, the research work is first read at the scholarly conferences and is made available as conference proceedings and then the outcomes are published in the peer-reviewed journals. In this process, the work is evaluated by the peer review process for its credibility and upon publication as an article in a journal; the work gets sanctity and endorsement. This module shall discuss about the ways and means of sharing the scholarly research globally via the World Wide Web and answer a few questions viz., Where to publish? How to choose a suitable journal? What is the journal publication process? In addition, how to share the published work?

[scribd id=236792705 key=key-EOhOxfS5mwAOi65AdgUM mode=scroll]

Apply to Attend OpenCon 2014

OpenConApply to Attend OpenCon 2014

OpenCon 2014 is the student and early career researcher conference on Open Access, Open Education, and Open Data and will be held on November 15-17, 2014 in Washington, DC. It is organized by the Right to Research Coalition, SPARC (The Scholarly Publishing and Academic Resources Coalition), and an Organizing Committee of students and early career researchers from around the world.

Submit the form <http://www.opencon2014.org/apply to apply to attend OpenCon 2014. Applications will remain open until August 25th at 23:59 PDT. Acceptance decisions are made by our Organizing Committee of students and early career researchers, and accepted applicants will be notified by September 12th.

Why is there an application process for OpenCon 2014? Who is eligible to apply to attend OpenCon? Have other questions about OpenCon? View participant FAQ <http://www.opencon2014.org/apply/faq>.

Source: http://www.opencon2014.org/

Open Access in Happening!!!!

JAHThe Journal of Applied Horticulture (JAH) an official publication of the Society for the Advancement of Horticulture based at Lucknow in India had made open some of its articles in Open Access on its website.

The JAH had started its publication in 1999 and is making available some of the articles in Open Access from 2000 onwards. This move is a welcome sign in the Open Access movement in the India’s National Agricultural Research System (NARS). We can hope to see lot happening in the area of Open Access in NARS. The credit for this happening should go to the Indian Council of Agricultural Research (ICAR) which recently had adopted a most progressive Open Access policy.

The ICAR had also started an online portal for hosting Open Access Journal using Open Journal Systems for the NARS and is hosting about 19 publications.

The 2013 EPT Award for Individuals in Developing Countries Working for Open Access

120x240Below is the press release announcing the 3rd Annual Award for individuals in the developing world who have made a significant contribution to Open Access. The application form for nominations follows the announcement. The EPT hopes to receive a similarly large number of representations as were received for the award in its first two years.

THE 2013 EPT AWARD FOR INDIVIDUALS IN DEVELOPING COUNTRIES WORKING FOR OA

Open Access Week arrives again this October, and is a time to celebrate all that has been achieved in the previous twelve months. The Electronic Publishing Trust is a long-standing advocate of OA and the difference it can make. As our contribution to this year’s OA Week, we are offering our third annual international award to recognise the impact that individuals can make. The huge interest in and success of the first two awards makes it clear that such international recognition acknowledges the very real efforts being made by many individuals throughout the world, and accelerates the development of models for achieving the open and free transfer of essential information for the progress of research.

ANNOUNCEMENT : The Electronic Publishing Trust* is pleased to announce that it is offering its third annual award for individuals in developing and transition countries** who have made significant advances to the cause of open access and the free exchange of research findings. Information on previous winners can be found on our website at http://epublishingtrust.net/

Nominations are sought for the award. Individuals may be nominated by themselves or others or by organisations, sending a statement using the attached form to the chair of the EPT Board, (d.law@strath.ac.uk)outlining the achievements of the individual.

Nominations should be received by 30th November 2013. Selection of a winner will be made by a panel of EPT Board Members which will be chaired by Dr Patrick Corran, and will include Leslie Chan, Subbiah Arunachalam, Barbara Kirsop, co-founder of the charity, and Judy Ugonna.

The result will be announced in January 2014 and it is intended that a presentation will be made at a location convenient to the winner. The award recipient will be publicly recognised through the presentation of a certificate and an engraved award. It is also hoped to have a “side” eventat future OA meetings to celebrate the work of the winner.

EPT Award submission form for nominations. The EPT Award is for individuals who have made an impact on the progress of open access to research findings.2. Nominations may be made by individuals or organisations.3. Please supply the following information:Name of nominee:Affiliation of nominee:Position or role of nominee:Contact address and email of nominee:Contact address and email of proposer:

Please provide a brief statement to describe the ACTIVITIES of the nominee in support of Open Access (no more than 250 words):

Please describe the RESULTS  AND SIGNIFICANCE of these activities (no more than 500 words): Please send your proposal by 30/11/2013 to: EPT Chair, Derek Law, atd.law@strath.ac.uk

The San Francisco Declaration on Research Assessment (DORA)

The San Francisco Declaration on Research Assessment (DORA)

The San Francisco Declaration on Research Assessment (DORA) is an initiative of the American Society for Cell Biology (ASCB). It recognizes the need to improve the ways in which the scientific research outputs are evaluated. It recommends that one should not use journal-based metrics viz., Impact Factors as a surrogate measure of the quality of articles and scientists contribution for hiring and promotion. Please read its full recommendations and the Declaration here. The Open Access India requests the scholarly community to sign the declaration and support the alternate metrics of scientific research outputs.

1. Do not use journal-based metrics, such as Journal Impact Factors, as a surrogate measure of the quality of individual research articles, to assess an individual scientist’s contributions, or in hiring, promotion, or funding decisions.

Submission to ICAR on its Open Access Policy 2013 Draft

Submission on ICAR’s Open Access Policy 2013 Draft

 We on behalf of the Open Access India community submit the following  Modified Open Access Policy Draft to Dr. D. Rama Rao, National Director, NAIP for formulating an Open Access Policy of Indian Council of Agricultural Research. This modified draft is built upon the Original Policy Draft prepared by the Committee on Open Access in ICAR after taking inputs  from the Global Open Access Community.

  1.  All the constituent establishments under the Indian Council of Agricultural Research (ICAR) to set up their Open Access Institutional Repositories, Open Access Data Repositories and Open Educational Resources using Free and Open Source Software (FOSS) systems which support the Open Archives Initiative Protocol for Metadata Harvesting (OAI-PMH) protocol for public good.
  2. All the ICAR establishments to register their repositories, resources and information products/services with the Coherence in Information for Agricultural Research for Development (CIARD)’s Routemap to Information Nodes and Gateways (RING) for the availability and accessibility of agricultural knowledge produced to the world through CIARD RING India.
  3. The ICAR shall set up a central harvester using the free metadata indexing system to harvest the metadata from the repositories of the ICAR establishments and other repositories of the National Agricultural Research System (NARS) for establishing ‘One Stop Access Portal’ for all the agricultural knowledge generated in the NARS and CIARD RING India.
  4. All the research outputs produced from the research funded by the ICAR or by other Public Funds at either ICAR establishments or elsewhere in the NARS are required to deposit in the ICAR institute’s Open Access Institutional Repositories or in any other appropriate Open Access repositories of the NARS viz., Agropedia (OpenAgri), Rice Knowledge Management Portal etc.
  5. The authors of the scholarly literature produced from the research funded  in whole or part by the ICAR or by other Public Funds at either ICAR establishments or elsewhere in the NARS are required to deposit the final version of the author’s peer-reviewed manuscript at the time of acceptance and no later than the time of publication in the ICAR institute’s Open Access Institutional Repositories or in any other appropriate Open Access repositories of NARS viz., Agropedia (OpenAgri), Rice Knowledge Management Portal etc.
  6. All the archives, current and future scholarly and grey literature viz., research articles, popular articles, book chapters, books, monographs, catalogues, conference proceedings, success stories, case studies, annual reports, newsletters, booklets, bulletins, project reports, class/lecture notes, presentation slides, photos, videos, speeches, keynote addresses, patent grant publications, data sets etc., produced by the ICAR establishments to be made available under Open Access via repositories.
  7. All the ICAR research staff, students and visitors at ICAR institutes are encouraged to confer with the SHERPA/RoMEO database of publishers’ policies on copyright and self-archiving and are advised to publish their research outputs in those journals which allows self-archiving in the Open Access Repositories. They are also advised to use ‘Authors Addendum’ mentioning the ICAR’s Open Access Policy of mandatory deposit of the final version of the author’s peer-reviewed manuscript at the time of acceptance and no later than the time of publication in the ICAR institute’s Open Access Institutional Repositories while signing the while signing the publishers’ copyright agreements. The embargo if any should not be later than 6 months from publication date for making the deposits open to public.
  8. Final reports of the completed research projects, Masters, Doctoral and Post Doctoral thesis dissertations produced in the ICAR establishments are to be deposited immediately in the institutes open access repository upon submission. The metadata is freely available from the time of deposition of the content and full-texts be made Open Access after an embargo period not later than 12 months. The ‘Krishi Prabha’, an electronic thesis and dissertations database of NARS be made Open Access and OAI-PMH compatible.
  9. All the journals published by ICAR have been made Open Access and all the books published by ICAR, journals, books, conference/seminar proceedings and any other scholarly/grey literature published by the ICAR/NARS institutes and scholarly/professional societies with substantial financial support from ICAR are to be made available as Open Access publications.
  10. The commercial books authored by the ICAR staff on personal contract may negotiate with the publishers to share them via ICAR OAIRs after a suitable embargo period.
  11. The documents having material to be patented or commercialized, or where the promulgations would infringe a legal commitment by the institution and/or the author, may be exempted from this policy. However, once they are available, the work is to be made accessible to the public via repositories.

Rights and Permissions

  1. All the ICAR institute’s website content, print/digital publications, meta-data and full-texts in repositories are recommended to be licensed for public use under the Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 (CC-BY 3.0) Unported License and unless otherwise noted, the users are free to copy, duplicate or reproduce, and distribute, display, or transmit without permission, and to make translations, adaptations or other derivative works, and to make commercial use of work under the following condition: Attribution — Users must attribute the work in the manner specified by the author or licensor (but not in any way that suggests that they endorse you or your use of the work).

Implementation

  1. The Directorate of Knowledge Management in Agriculture (DKMA) to serve as the nodal agency for implementation of ICAR Open Access policy. The DKMA along with Agricultural Knowledge Management Units (AKMUs) in ICAR establishments and other agencies/communities viz., GFAR, CIARD, AIMS and Open Access India  would organize advocacy workshops and capacity building for researchers, repository administrators, editors and publishers on Open Access Repositories, Open Access Journals and application and usage of Free and Open Source Software systems related to scholarly communications.

Complied by: Sridhar Gutam, Convenor, Open Access India, with kind inputs and consultation with Ajit Maru, Sanjaya Mishra, Kamal Saxena, Shyamal Lakshminarayanan, Peter Murray-Rust, Mike Taylor, Jenny Molly, Christian Heise, Peter Suber, Stevan Harnard, Heather Morrison (who argued against CC-BY), Reme Melero and many others from Open Access Community.

 PS. The original draft may be accessed here or at http://www.icar.org.in/en/node/6056

Comments to ICAR Open Access Policy Draft 2013

oaicar

Following are the comments to ICAR Open Access Policy Draft 2013 from the Open Access India Community. As 23rd May 2013 is the last date for sending the comments/suggestions. You are requested to share your suggestions below the post and same would be incorporated in the final submission to the Indian Council of Agricultural Research (ICAR).

  • Policy: All ICAR institutes to setup their Open Access Institutional Repository using Free and Open Source Software which is of Open Archive Initiative (OAI-MHP) complaint.
  • Suggestion: All the constituent establishment institutes of the Indian Council of Agricultural Research (ICAR) institutes to set up their Open Access Institutional Repositories (OAIRs), Open Access Data Repository[1] for the datasets produced by ICAR and Open Educational Resources[2] for educational material relevant to agriculture and related sciences using Free and Open Source Software (FOSS) systems[3] which support the Open Archives Initiative Protocol for Metadata Harvesting[4] (OAI-PMH) protocol for public good.
  • Policy: The ICAR shall set up a central harvester using the free metadata indexing system[5] to harvest the metadata from the OAIRs of the ICAR institutes and other repositories[6] in the National Agricultural Research System (NARS) for the ‘one stop access portal’ of all the agricultural knowledge generated in the NARS.
  • Suggestion: ICAR shall set up a central harvester to harvest the metadata and full-text of all the records from the OA repositories of the ICAR institutes for one stop access to all the agricultural knowledge generated in ICAR. All the ICAR institutes register their information products and services with the Coherence in Information for Agricultural Research for Development[7] (CIARD)’s Routemap to Information Nodes and Gateways[8] (RING) for their discovery across the world.
  • Policy: All research and technical publications viz., research articles, popular articles, book chapters, books, monograms, catalogues, conference proceedings, success stories, case studies, annual reports, newsletters, pamphlets, brochures, bulletins, summary of the completed projects, class/lecture notes, presentations, photos, videos, speeches, keynote addresses, other digital objects and all the gray literature  available with the institutes to be placed under Open Access.
  • Suggestion: All the archives, current and future scholarly and grey literature viz., research articles, popular articles, book chapters, books, monographs, catalogues, conference proceedings, success stories, case studies, annual reports, newsletters, booklets, bulletins, summary of the completed projects, class/lecture notes, presentation slides, photos, videos, speeches, keynote addresses, patent grant publications, data sets etc., produced by the ICAR institutes/establishments to be made under Open Access.
  • Policy: The authors of the scholarly articles produced from the research conducted at ICAR institutes have to deposit immediately the final authors’ version manuscripts of papers upon accepted for publication (pre-prints) in the institute’s Open Access repository.
  • Suggestion: The authors of the scholarly literature/research outputs produced from the research funded by the ICAR at either ICAR institutes or elsewhere in the NARS have to deposit immediately the final peer-reviewed authors’ version manuscripts (post-prints)[9] in the OAIRs or in any other appropriate Open Access repositories of NARS upon acceptance for publication.
  • Policy: Scientists and other research personnel of ICAR working in ICAR institutes or elsewhere are encouraged to publish their research work with publishers which allow self-archiving in Open Access Institutional Repositories and required to submit the final manuscript of paper accepted for publication (pre-print) in the ICAR institute’s Open Access repository.
  • Policy: Scientists are advised to mention the ICAR’s Open Access policy while signing the copyright agreements with the publishers. And the embargo if any should not be later than 6 months.
  • Suggestion: Above points may be merged as: All the ICAR research staff, students and visitors at ICAR institutes are encouraged to consult the SHERPA/RoMEO[10] database of publishers’ policies on copyright and self-archiving for publishing their research outputs in those journals which allows self-archiving in Open Access Repositories and are advised to use ‘Authors Addendum’[11] to the copyright agreements mentioning the ICAR’s Open Access Policy of mandatory deposit of post-prints while signing the agreements with the publishers. And the embargo[12] if any should not be later than 6 months.
  • Policy: Final reports of completed research projects and M.Sc. and Ph.D. thesis/dissertations to be deposited immediately in the institutes open access repository after completion of the work. The metadata (e.g., title, authors, publisher, etc.) be freely accessible from the time of deposition of the content and their free unrestricted use through Open Access can be made after an embargo period not more than 12 months.
  • Suggestion: Final reports of the completed research projects and M.Sc. and Ph.D. thesis dissertations to be deposited immediately in the institutes open access repository upon submission and the metadata (e.g., title, authors, publisher, etc.) be freely available from the time of deposition of the content and made Open Access after an embargo period not later than 12 months. The Krishi Prabha[13], an electronic thesis and dissertations database of NARS be made Open Access and OAI-PMH compatible.
  • Policy: All the journals published by ICAR have been made Open Access. All the books published by ICAR and journals and books published by ICAR institutes are to be made Open Access.
  • Policy: Journals, books, conference proceedings and other scholarly literature published with substantial support from ICAR (by professional societies and others) to be made Open Access by the end of 2013.
  • Suggestion: Above points may be merged as: All the journals published by ICAR have been made Open Access[14] and all the books published by ICAR, journals, books, conference/seminar proceedings and any other scholarly/grey literature published by the ICAR/NARS institutes and scholarly/professional societies with substantial funding from ICAR are to be made Open Access.
  • Policy: DKMA to function as nodal agency for implementation of ICAR Open Access policy. DKMA will organise advocacy workshops and capacity building of scientific &technical personnel, repository administrators, editors and publishers on Institutional Repositories, application and usage of Free and Open Source Software. All the meta-data, full-texts and other records/data/information of the institutional repositories are copyrighted with the ICAR and are licensed under Creative Commons Non Commercial Share Alike (CC-NC-SA) for use, re-use and sharing without any warranty.
  • Suggestion: Moved to Rights and Permissions
  • Policy: The documents having material to be patented or commercialized, or where the promulgations would infringe a legal commitment by the institution and/or the author, may not be included in the institute’s Open Access repository. However, the commercial books authored on contract by the ICAR staff may negotiate with the publishers to share the same via institutional repositories after a suitable embargo period.
  • Suggestion: The documents having material to be patented or commercialized, or where the promulgations would infringe a legal commitment by the institution and/or the author, may be exempted for mandatory deposit in the institute’s Open Access repository. However, the commercial books authored on personal contract by the ICAR staff may negotiate with the publishers to share them via ICAR OAIRs after a suitable embargo period.

Rights and Permissions

  • All the ICAR institute’s website content, print/digital publications, meta-data and full-texts in OAIRs be licensed for use under the Creative Commons Attribution-3.0 (CC-BY-3.0)[15] Unported License and unless otherwise noted, the users are free to copy, duplicate or reproduce, and distribute, display, or transmit without permission, and to make commercial use of the work under the condition – Attribution — Users must attribute the work in the manner specified by the author or licensor (but not in any way that suggests that they endorse you or your use of the work).

Implementation:

  • Policy: DKMA to function as nodal agency for implementation of ICAR Open Access policy. DKMA will organise advocacy workshops and capacity building of scientific &technical personnel, repository administrators, editors and publishers on Institutional Repositories, application and usage of Free and Open Source Software. All the meta-data, full-texts and other records/data/information of the institutional repositories are copyrighted with the ICAR and are licensed under Creative Commons Non Commercial Share Alike (CC-NC-SA) for use, re-use and sharing without any warranty.
  • Suggestion: The Directorate of Knowledge Management in Agriculture (DKMA) to function as nodal agency for implementation of ICAR Open Access policy. The DKMA along with Agricultural Knowledge Management Units (AKMUs) in ICAR institutes and other agencies[16] and communities[17] would organise advocacy workshops and capacity building of scientific &technical personnel, repository administrators, editors and publishers on OAIRs, Open Access Journals and application and usage of Free and Open Source Software systems related to scholarly communications.

[1]http://dataverse.icrisat.org/dvn/
[2] http://www.oerafrica.org/agricultureoer/AgricultureOER/tabid/1466/Default.aspx
[3] GNU EPrints, Fedora Commons, DSpace etc.
[4] http://www.openarchives.org/pmh/
[5] Open Harvester Systems http://pkp.sfu.ca/harvester
[6] Agropedia, Rice Knowledge Management Portal, ETD@UAS, Dharwad, Krishi Kosh etc.
[7] http://www.ciard.net/
[8] http://www.ciard.net/ciard-ring-0
[9] Draft of a manuscript after it has been peer reviewed with revisions having been made.
[10] http://www.sherpa.ac.uk/romeo/
[11] http://scholars.sciencecommons.org/
[12] Period during which access is not allowed to the public.
[13] http://14.139.232.167:8080/equestthesis/
[14] http://epubs.icar.org.in/ejournal/index.php/
[15] http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/ NISCAIR (CSIR) Online Periodicals Repository is using CC-BY-NC-ND
[16] Agricultural Information Standards http://aims.fao.org/
[17] Open Access India http://oaindia2013.wordpress.com/