Familiarizing Open Source Seed Concept in India

OpenSourceSeedsThe GNU/Linux, the Free and Open Source Software (FOSS) movements around the globe and Creative Commons had influenced people to share their creations openly and freely. The BiOS is such kind of initiative which is sharing all its biological innovations openly. Now the same concept of sharing the biological materials openly for public good.

In Agriculture, the seed is the fundamental input and access to quality seed is becoming restricted to people by financially, technically and legally. To overcome this, the Open Source Seed Initiative (OSSI) was formed and it aims to free the seed. The OSSI had pledged to make the seed free and is permitting the buyers/consumers to use in any ways they want but asks them not to restrict the others use with patents or by any other legal means.

In order to familiarize/popularize the philosophy of Open Source Seed/Free the Seed concept, the Open Access India and IndiaSeeds.in jointly took an attempt to seeds which are almost free of any legal IPR rights. For this as a test crop, Quinoa (Chenopodium quinoa) has been selected and the excess seeds which were purchased from a farmer by name Undavalli Trimurthulu in West Godavari, Andhra Pradesh for cultivation are being distributed to people for general cultivation or for research purpose.

These Qunioa seeds are being sent to the recipients under Open Source Seeds MTA (material transfer agreement) incorporating the text adopted from The OSSI Pledge. The MTA says “You have the freedom to use these Open Source Seeds in anyway you choose, In return, you pledge not to restrict other’s use of these seeds or their derivatives by patents or other means, and to include this Open Source Seeds MTA with any transfer of these seeds or their derivatives. If anyone are interested to join the OSSI or share their seeds through The OSSI Pledge in India, they may contact Open Access India, IndiaSeeds.in or the OSSI collaborator in India, the Centre for Sustainable Agriculture.

Open Access in Happening!!!!

JAHThe Journal of Applied Horticulture (JAH) an official publication of the Society for the Advancement of Horticulture based at Lucknow in India had made open some of its articles in Open Access on its website.

The JAH had started its publication in 1999 and is making available some of the articles in Open Access from 2000 onwards. This move is a welcome sign in the Open Access movement in the India’s National Agricultural Research System (NARS). We can hope to see lot happening in the area of Open Access in NARS. The credit for this happening should go to the Indian Council of Agricultural Research (ICAR) which recently had adopted a most progressive Open Access policy.

The ICAR had also started an online portal for hosting Open Access Journal using Open Journal Systems for the NARS and is hosting about 19 publications.

He put India on the open software map | The Hindu

He put India on the open software map | The Hindu

RIP Atul Chitnis (1962-2013)

The Open Access India and the Friday FOSS community members pay rich homage to the ‘Super Guru’ and FOSS.IN founder Atul Chitnis for his great contributions to the Linux  developer and user community. Atul Chitnis, you always be in our hearts and we would take forward the FOSS (Free and Open Source Software) movement which you envisaged.

Credits: Deepa Kurup, The Hindu

Comments to ICAR Open Access Policy Draft 2013

oaicar

Following are the comments to ICAR Open Access Policy Draft 2013 from the Open Access India Community. As 23rd May 2013 is the last date for sending the comments/suggestions. You are requested to share your suggestions below the post and same would be incorporated in the final submission to the Indian Council of Agricultural Research (ICAR).

  • Policy: All ICAR institutes to setup their Open Access Institutional Repository using Free and Open Source Software which is of Open Archive Initiative (OAI-MHP) complaint.
  • Suggestion: All the constituent establishment institutes of the Indian Council of Agricultural Research (ICAR) institutes to set up their Open Access Institutional Repositories (OAIRs), Open Access Data Repository[1] for the datasets produced by ICAR and Open Educational Resources[2] for educational material relevant to agriculture and related sciences using Free and Open Source Software (FOSS) systems[3] which support the Open Archives Initiative Protocol for Metadata Harvesting[4] (OAI-PMH) protocol for public good.
  • Policy: The ICAR shall set up a central harvester using the free metadata indexing system[5] to harvest the metadata from the OAIRs of the ICAR institutes and other repositories[6] in the National Agricultural Research System (NARS) for the ‘one stop access portal’ of all the agricultural knowledge generated in the NARS.
  • Suggestion: ICAR shall set up a central harvester to harvest the metadata and full-text of all the records from the OA repositories of the ICAR institutes for one stop access to all the agricultural knowledge generated in ICAR. All the ICAR institutes register their information products and services with the Coherence in Information for Agricultural Research for Development[7] (CIARD)’s Routemap to Information Nodes and Gateways[8] (RING) for their discovery across the world.
  • Policy: All research and technical publications viz., research articles, popular articles, book chapters, books, monograms, catalogues, conference proceedings, success stories, case studies, annual reports, newsletters, pamphlets, brochures, bulletins, summary of the completed projects, class/lecture notes, presentations, photos, videos, speeches, keynote addresses, other digital objects and all the gray literature  available with the institutes to be placed under Open Access.
  • Suggestion: All the archives, current and future scholarly and grey literature viz., research articles, popular articles, book chapters, books, monographs, catalogues, conference proceedings, success stories, case studies, annual reports, newsletters, booklets, bulletins, summary of the completed projects, class/lecture notes, presentation slides, photos, videos, speeches, keynote addresses, patent grant publications, data sets etc., produced by the ICAR institutes/establishments to be made under Open Access.
  • Policy: The authors of the scholarly articles produced from the research conducted at ICAR institutes have to deposit immediately the final authors’ version manuscripts of papers upon accepted for publication (pre-prints) in the institute’s Open Access repository.
  • Suggestion: The authors of the scholarly literature/research outputs produced from the research funded by the ICAR at either ICAR institutes or elsewhere in the NARS have to deposit immediately the final peer-reviewed authors’ version manuscripts (post-prints)[9] in the OAIRs or in any other appropriate Open Access repositories of NARS upon acceptance for publication.
  • Policy: Scientists and other research personnel of ICAR working in ICAR institutes or elsewhere are encouraged to publish their research work with publishers which allow self-archiving in Open Access Institutional Repositories and required to submit the final manuscript of paper accepted for publication (pre-print) in the ICAR institute’s Open Access repository.
  • Policy: Scientists are advised to mention the ICAR’s Open Access policy while signing the copyright agreements with the publishers. And the embargo if any should not be later than 6 months.
  • Suggestion: Above points may be merged as: All the ICAR research staff, students and visitors at ICAR institutes are encouraged to consult the SHERPA/RoMEO[10] database of publishers’ policies on copyright and self-archiving for publishing their research outputs in those journals which allows self-archiving in Open Access Repositories and are advised to use ‘Authors Addendum’[11] to the copyright agreements mentioning the ICAR’s Open Access Policy of mandatory deposit of post-prints while signing the agreements with the publishers. And the embargo[12] if any should not be later than 6 months.
  • Policy: Final reports of completed research projects and M.Sc. and Ph.D. thesis/dissertations to be deposited immediately in the institutes open access repository after completion of the work. The metadata (e.g., title, authors, publisher, etc.) be freely accessible from the time of deposition of the content and their free unrestricted use through Open Access can be made after an embargo period not more than 12 months.
  • Suggestion: Final reports of the completed research projects and M.Sc. and Ph.D. thesis dissertations to be deposited immediately in the institutes open access repository upon submission and the metadata (e.g., title, authors, publisher, etc.) be freely available from the time of deposition of the content and made Open Access after an embargo period not later than 12 months. The Krishi Prabha[13], an electronic thesis and dissertations database of NARS be made Open Access and OAI-PMH compatible.
  • Policy: All the journals published by ICAR have been made Open Access. All the books published by ICAR and journals and books published by ICAR institutes are to be made Open Access.
  • Policy: Journals, books, conference proceedings and other scholarly literature published with substantial support from ICAR (by professional societies and others) to be made Open Access by the end of 2013.
  • Suggestion: Above points may be merged as: All the journals published by ICAR have been made Open Access[14] and all the books published by ICAR, journals, books, conference/seminar proceedings and any other scholarly/grey literature published by the ICAR/NARS institutes and scholarly/professional societies with substantial funding from ICAR are to be made Open Access.
  • Policy: DKMA to function as nodal agency for implementation of ICAR Open Access policy. DKMA will organise advocacy workshops and capacity building of scientific &technical personnel, repository administrators, editors and publishers on Institutional Repositories, application and usage of Free and Open Source Software. All the meta-data, full-texts and other records/data/information of the institutional repositories are copyrighted with the ICAR and are licensed under Creative Commons Non Commercial Share Alike (CC-NC-SA) for use, re-use and sharing without any warranty.
  • Suggestion: Moved to Rights and Permissions
  • Policy: The documents having material to be patented or commercialized, or where the promulgations would infringe a legal commitment by the institution and/or the author, may not be included in the institute’s Open Access repository. However, the commercial books authored on contract by the ICAR staff may negotiate with the publishers to share the same via institutional repositories after a suitable embargo period.
  • Suggestion: The documents having material to be patented or commercialized, or where the promulgations would infringe a legal commitment by the institution and/or the author, may be exempted for mandatory deposit in the institute’s Open Access repository. However, the commercial books authored on personal contract by the ICAR staff may negotiate with the publishers to share them via ICAR OAIRs after a suitable embargo period.

Rights and Permissions

  • All the ICAR institute’s website content, print/digital publications, meta-data and full-texts in OAIRs be licensed for use under the Creative Commons Attribution-3.0 (CC-BY-3.0)[15] Unported License and unless otherwise noted, the users are free to copy, duplicate or reproduce, and distribute, display, or transmit without permission, and to make commercial use of the work under the condition – Attribution — Users must attribute the work in the manner specified by the author or licensor (but not in any way that suggests that they endorse you or your use of the work).

Implementation:

  • Policy: DKMA to function as nodal agency for implementation of ICAR Open Access policy. DKMA will organise advocacy workshops and capacity building of scientific &technical personnel, repository administrators, editors and publishers on Institutional Repositories, application and usage of Free and Open Source Software. All the meta-data, full-texts and other records/data/information of the institutional repositories are copyrighted with the ICAR and are licensed under Creative Commons Non Commercial Share Alike (CC-NC-SA) for use, re-use and sharing without any warranty.
  • Suggestion: The Directorate of Knowledge Management in Agriculture (DKMA) to function as nodal agency for implementation of ICAR Open Access policy. The DKMA along with Agricultural Knowledge Management Units (AKMUs) in ICAR institutes and other agencies[16] and communities[17] would organise advocacy workshops and capacity building of scientific &technical personnel, repository administrators, editors and publishers on OAIRs, Open Access Journals and application and usage of Free and Open Source Software systems related to scholarly communications.

[1]http://dataverse.icrisat.org/dvn/
[2] http://www.oerafrica.org/agricultureoer/AgricultureOER/tabid/1466/Default.aspx
[3] GNU EPrints, Fedora Commons, DSpace etc.
[4] http://www.openarchives.org/pmh/
[5] Open Harvester Systems http://pkp.sfu.ca/harvester
[6] Agropedia, Rice Knowledge Management Portal, ETD@UAS, Dharwad, Krishi Kosh etc.
[7] http://www.ciard.net/
[8] http://www.ciard.net/ciard-ring-0
[9] Draft of a manuscript after it has been peer reviewed with revisions having been made.
[10] http://www.sherpa.ac.uk/romeo/
[11] http://scholars.sciencecommons.org/
[12] Period during which access is not allowed to the public.
[13] http://14.139.232.167:8080/equestthesis/
[14] http://epubs.icar.org.in/ejournal/index.php/
[15] http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/ NISCAIR (CSIR) Online Periodicals Repository is using CC-BY-NC-ND
[16] Agricultural Information Standards http://aims.fao.org/
[17] Open Access India http://oaindia2013.wordpress.com/

UNESCO adopts Open Access policy for its publications

unesco_logo_enUNESCO to make its publications available free of charge as part of a new Open Access policy

UNESCO will make its digital publications available to millions of people around the world free-of-charge with an open license. As per UNESCO’s Press Release on 14.05.2013, this policy was announced by Mr. Janis Karklins, UNESCO’s Assistant Director-General for Communication and Information during the opening of the World Summit on the Information Society Forum in Geneva on 13 May . Full-text to the Policy is available here. Earlier it has issued policy guidelines for the development and promotion of Open Access in its member states.

Invitation for Quality Evaluation of UNESCO’s GOAP

goap_logo_en_transparentUNESCO’s Global Open Access Portal (GOAP) presenting the status of Open Access to scientific information around the world is in the process of doing a Quality Evaluation of UNESCO’s GOAP.  And is inviting experts and professionals involved with Open Access to offer their perspectives towards the advancement of Open Access policy by completing a short questionnaire online by March 22, 2013.

For more information, you may please contact Ms. Alison Macbeth, Communication and Information, UNESCO, New Delhi Office, India.

Dr Melissa Terras on Open Access Continuum with Social Media

Melissa Terras

Dr Melissa Terras: open access and the Twitter effect.

In the Open Access success stories column on ‘oastories.org‘, I found story of Dr. Melissa Terras. Few weeks back only I heard her  podcast “Is blogging and tweeting about research papers worth it?” on University of Oxford’s Social Media Talks. I am very impressed by her talk and got all the answer to the questions which my colleagues and mentors have on the topics social networking, research and Open Access.

In the story, it is mentioned that the downloads of her paper on digital curiosities were doubled twice since the time she deposited and when she blogged and tweeted. Much of the researchers work is buried somewhere. If it is pushed into web via social networks it would reach to many and it would get due credit and also would have impact.

In the story, Dr. Melissa Terras says: ‘You can spend years producing a research paper, why would you not spend the time it takes to deposit it in Open Access repository, and the seconds it takes to share that copy online with as many people as you possibly can

You may click here to visit Dr. Melissa Terras’ blog and here to follow her on twitter.

Source: http://www.oastories.org/2012/10/dr-melissa-terras-open-access-and-the-twitter-effect/